Wednesday, 14 May 2014

Everything Pregnant

What is miscarriage?

Spontaneous loss of a pregnancy in the first 20 weeks of gestation is defined as miscarriage. According to American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG), about 15 to 20 percent of pregnancies end in miscarriage. The actual figure could be as high as 30 to 40 percent since many women miscarry before realizing being pregnant.

According to American Pregnancy Association (APA), the most common cause of miscarriage is chromosomal or genetic abnormality in the embryo. It is something that we cannot avoid, but there are other factors that we should be more cautious with:

  • excessive alcohol intake
  • cigarette smoking
  • drugs abuse
  • a serious car accident or big fall from climbing
  • listeria infection found in uncooked meat and dairy products
  • hormonal imbalance in mother, such as low progesterone levels or uterine fibroids
  • mother aged 35 or over
  • infections such as Lyme or Fifth disease
  • chronic illnesses such as uncontrolled diabetes, lupus, or thyroid disease

Signs of miscarriage

Some women experience some or none of the following signs:

  • spotting or bleeding accompany with cramps or pain in the lower abdomen
  • pain in the lower abdomen for over 24 hours without bleeding
  • heavy bleeding or continuous spotting for 2 to 3 days
  • passing tissues or clots like material
  • loss of pregnancy symptoms such as nausea or vomiting

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